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Acupuncture and Moxibustion (I)
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Acupuncture and moxibustion are important component procedures in TCM which prevent and treat diseases by means of needling certain acupoints located on the body with metallic needles or stimulating certain regions on the body by applying heat with ignited moxa wool. Since they are highly effective, simple in performance and low in cost, they have been widely used in China and countries around China for thousands of years.

 



The application of acupuncture and moxibustion through stimulating certain acupoints on the human body is to activate the meridians and collacterals and to regulate the function of the internal organs, qi and blood so as to prevent and treat diseases.

                                             

Experiments have proved that acupuncture and moxibustion can strengthen the central nervous system and especially reinforce the action of the sympathetic nervous system and cerebral cortex which control all the tissues and organs of the human body. For instance, acupuncture and moxibustion can regulate heartbeat, body temperature, blood pressure and respiration; relieve muscle spasm and numbness; treat disorders of exocrine and endocrine secretions; and promote secretion of the glands, such as pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenic, sweat, pancreatic and digestive glands.

 

The treatment of acupuncture and moxibustion is based on acupoints. Acupoints are the regions where qi and blood from the viscera and meridians effuse and infuse beneath the body surface, usually located in the interstices of the thick muscles or between tendons and bones. Acupoints generally can be classified into three categories, i.e, meridian acupoints, extraordinary acupoints and Ashi acupoints.

 



Meridian acupoints, also known as acupoints of the fourteen meridians, refer to the acupoints located on the twelve meridians as well as the governor and conception vessels. Meridian acupoints, the main part of the acupoints and frequently selected for acupuncture treatment, pertain to definite meridians with fixed names and locations.

 

Extraordinary acupoints refer to the acupoints excluding the ones located on the fourteen meridians. These acupoints have definite locations and names and are effective in treating certain diseases. But they usually do not pertain to any meridians. However, the extraordinary acupoints and meridian acupoints are closely related to each other. Some extraordinary acupoints include certain meridian acupoints.

 

Ashi acupoints actually refer to tenderness. Such acupoints are characterized by absence of fixed locations, definite names and pertaining meridians.


 

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