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Acupuncture and Moxibustion (II)
Addtime:2016-12-13 10:09:30 Hit:479

In acupuncture and moxibustion, there are still some specific acupoints that are located on the fourteen meridians with special curative effects. A majority of these acupoints have special efficacy and are commonly used in clinical treatment.


There are ten types of special acupoints including five Shu acupoints, Yuan-Source acupoints, Luo-Connective acupoints, Lower He-Sea acupoints, Xi-Cleft acupoints and eight convergence acupoints below the knees and elbows; Back-Shu acupoints and Front-Mu acupoints located on the trunk; as well as eight confluent acupoints and crossing acupoints located on the whole body.


The five Shu acupoints refer to Jing-Well, Ying-Spring, shu-Stream, Jing-River and He-Sea which are the five acupoints located on the twelve meridians below the knees and elbows. They are situated in the above mentioned order from the distal extremities to the elbows or knees. From these five acupoints, we can see the indication of acupoints below the knees and elbows.


The Yuan-Source acupoints, as the regions where the primary qi of the viscera flows through and retains, are usually located around the wrists and ankles. Those points can reflect the pathological changes of the viscera. Therefore, they are clinically used to diagnose and treat the disorders of the related viscera.


The Luo-Connecting acupoints refer to the acupoints from which the fifteen collaterals stem from the twelve meridians, the governor and conception vessels as well as the major collateral of the spleen. All the Luo-Connecting acupoints of the twelve meridians are located below the elbows and knees. These acupoints are used to treat disorders of the regions that the meridians and collaterals run through as well as to those that the meridians are externally and internally related to each other.


The Xi-Cleft acupoints are the sites where qi and blood from the meridians are deeply converged. Each of the twelve meridians and the four extraordinary meridians has a Xi-Cleft acupoint on the limbs, amounting to sixteen in all. All the Xi-cleft acupoints, except Lianqiu (ST 34) on the stomach meridian, are all situated below the knees and elbows. Clinically, Xi-Cleft acupoints are usually used to treat various blood syndromes and the Xi-Cleft acupoints on the yang meridians are often used to treat various pain syndromes.


The eight confluent acupoints refer to the eight acupoints on the twelve meridians that are connected with the eight extraordinary meridians. These eight acupoints are all located below the knees and elbows and are used to treat disorders involving the face, head and trunk related to the eight extraordinary meridians.


The lower He-Sea acupoints refer to the six acupoints located on the three yang meridians of the foot where qi from the six fu-organs converge. They are the key acupoints for treating the disorders of the six fu-organs.


The Back-Shu acupoints are located on the back and waist along the first lateral line of the bladder meridian (1.5 cun lateral to the back midline). And they are the regions where qi of the viscera is infused. The distributing order of Back-Shu acupoints is similar to that of the location of the zang-organs and fu-organs. Clinically, these acupoints are used to treat the disorders of the related viscera, tissues and organs.


The Front-Mu acupoints are those located on the chest and abdomen where qi of the viscera infuses and converges. The location of the Front-Mu acupoints is similar to that of the related zang-organs and fu-organs. Among these acupoints, six on the conception vessel are unilateral acupoints and the rest are bilateral ones. Front-Mu acupoints can be used to treat disorders of the related viscera, especially the disorder of six fu-organs. These acupoints are usually needled with the combination of Back-Shu acupoints.


The eight influential acupoints, located on the trunk, four limbs and below the knees and elbows, are the regions where essence of qi, blood, tendons, vessels, bones, marrow, zang-organs and fu-organs converge.


The crossing acupoints are those located at the intersections of two or more meridians. Most of them are located on the head, face and trunk, except a few which are located on the lower limbs. The crossing acupoints state the fact that indication of acupoints is composed of two parts, namely the four limbs and regions on the head and trunk. Clinically, these acupoints are used to treat disorders of the crossing meridians.


There are various methods for the manipulation of acupuncture and moxibustion. The action of these manipulating techniques is generally summarized as being either reinforcing or reducing. The former means to strengthen body resistance while the latter means to eliminate pathogenic factors. The therapy of acupuncture and moxibustion also involves various requirements such as accurate location of the acupoints, proper insertion of the needle, necessary retention of the needle and correct withdrawal of the needle. 

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